2 edition of Alternate measures of fiscal capacity. found in the catalog.
Alternate measures of fiscal capacity.
James J. Grunloh
in [St. Louis, Mo.]
Written in English
|LC Classifications||HJ2381 G78|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||19|
Fiscal Capacity: In economics, the ability of groups, institutions, etc. to generate revenue. The fiscal capacity of governments depends on a variety of factors including industrial capacity. In economics and political science, fiscal policy is the use of government revenue collection (taxes or tax cuts) and expenditure (spending) to influence a country's economy. The use of government revenues and expenditures to influence macroeconomic variables developed as a result of the Great Depression, when the previous laissez-faire approach to economic management became unpopular.
Weighting Income in Alternative Measures of School District Fiscal Capacity. to measure school district fiscal capacity. (Author/JM) Descriptors: Fiscal Capacity, Income, Property Taxes, Resource Allocation, School Districts, Tax Effort, Taxes. Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research. Education Level: N/A. Audience: N/A. fiscal capacity. Why Alternative Measures of District Wealth Are an Issue In the now famous Serrano v. Priest decision in , the Cali-fornia Supreme Court ruled that the quality of a child's education may not be "a function of the wealth of his parents and neighbors".
The answer lies in the varying fiscal capacity of each state. Fiscal capacity is the ability of governments to raise enough revenues for the provision of basic public goods. Due to differences in total taxable resources (incomes, natural resources, and the like), some states are . This dissertation develops a comprehensive measure of fiscal capacity for state and local governments in the United States that considers the relationship between revenue-raising capacity and expenditure requirements. This fiscal capacity measure differs from other measures in its consideration of the dynamism between tax rates and tax bases, the linkages between federal tax policies and.
The horse and his boy
Delta River Magic
Women in theatre
Index of organisms and non-parasitic diseases in Plant disease reporter, supplements XXXIX-XLIII, 1925
Discoveries and inventions of the nineteenth century.
practical guide to residential surveys
role of science and engineering in the energy future
Measures of fiscal capacity and their use in allocating funds. The present volume is an important step forward in ACIR's ongoing research in formula de- sign, with particular respect to the fiscal capacity issue.
In future research, ACIR will be expanding its work on formulas and measures of fiscal capacity in. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.
Downloadable. Some measure of fiscal capacity should be an important component of the system of equalization transfers for the regions of the Russian Federation. In order to enhance the understanding of the concepts and measurement issues involved, ISP Working Paper discusses the concept of fiscal capacity as well as some general measurement issues.
This section discuses the data used and the methods employed to calculate four alternative measures of fiscal capacity: revenue collections, per capita income, gross regional product (GRP) and the representative tax system using regression analysis (RTS/R). Some measure of fiscal capacity should be an important component of the system of equalization transfers for the regions of the Russian Federation.
In order to enhance the understanding of the concepts and measurement issues involved, ISP Working Paper discusses the concept of fiscal capacity as well as some general measurement : L. Jameson-Boex. An Analysis of Alternative Measures of Fiscal Capacity for Regions of the Russian Federation Article (PDF Available) July with 85 Reads How we measure 'reads'.
method to measure fiscal capacity which uses regression analysis to arrive at a representative tax system. In the discussion of these alternative measures, we bear in mind the current context of intergovernmental fiscal relations in the Russian Federation.
Revenue Collections. MEASURING FISCAL CAPACITY Tax effort is a relative measure and cannot be determined without some concept or measure to 1Tax capacity is a more common element of state-aid programs than tax effort.
In several states, both capacity and effort are jointly considered through aid programs that require or expect a minimum level of local tax. Information, fiscal capacity, and tax enforcement: An experimental evaluation Share this project With the recent decline in revenues from trade tariffs and official aid, developing countries have to rely increasingly on domestic taxes for revenue collection.
between political institutions and fiscal capacity; Section 4 presents the empirical strategy; and Section 5 the results of our empirical analysis. Section 6 concludes. Fiscal capacity and its measurement Fiscal capacity is defined as the capability of a fiscal system of raising tax revenues from a broad tax base (Besley and Persson, ).
Common ways for measuring fiscal capacity include the following: Per capita personal income (PCPI). This measure represents the total personal income of the states residents (e.g., wages and salaries, interest income, social security benefits, SSI, AFDC/TANF cash assistance and pensions, but not Food Stamps, housing vouchers, and EITC) divided.
The difference in tax revenues (as a percentage of GDP) between developed and developing countries has always been consistently large.
An IMF report estimates it to be percentage points. The discrepancy poses two questions: 1. why can’t developing countries increase their fiscal capacity, and; 2.
what makes advanced economies’ governments so successful in raising [ ]. Measures of fiscal effort and fiscal capacity in relation to Australian state road finance.
Canberra: Centre for Research on Federal Financial Relations, Australian National University, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Russell L Mathews; W R C Jay. Inflexibility - There are usually delays in the implementation of fiscal policy, because some proposed measures may have to go through legislative processes.
A good demonstration of implementation delays is illustrated by the Great Recession. According to the National Bureau of Economic Research, it began in Decemberand the country was only able to enact the. Fiscal policy, measures employed by governments to stabilize the economy, specifically by manipulating the levels and allocations of taxes and government expenditures.
Fiscal measures are frequently used in tandem with monetary policy to achieve certain goals. Learn more about fiscal policy in this article. of monetary and fiscal easing implemented by several EMEs in the worst phase of the recent global financial crisis was simply unthinkable during the s and s.
Several country papers in this volume discuss the factors heralding this change. Inmost cases, measures to strengthen medium-term fiscal sustainability and monetary policy.
Fiscal capacity is the ability of the state to extract revenues to provide public goods and carry out other functions of the state, given an administrative, fiscal accounting structure.
In economics and political science, fiscal capacity may be referred to as tax capacity, extractive capacity or the power to tax, as taxes are a main source of public revenues. Alternative measures for fiscal capacity Table 5 collects a set of robustness tests where we study how the use of alternative measures of fiscal capacity affects the results.
In the row entitled tax effort, we report regression results where we use instead of the tax to GDP ratio the government’s tax effort as proxy for fiscal capacity. Fiscal Capacity and Effort Measures Fiscal capacity is a concept developed by the U.S.
Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations (ACIR) to measure the relative revenue-raising abilities of States and their local governments, including taxes and nontax revenues, such as user charges. country’s taxable capacity. The development of a tax effort index, relating the actual tax revenues of a country to its estimated taxable capacity, provides us with a tempting measure which considers country specific fiscal, demographic, and institutional characteristics.
As an alternative, the Kindle eBook is available now and can be read on any device with the free Kindle app. Add to Cart.
Buy Now Secure transaction. How to Measure the Fiscal Deficit: Analytical and Methodological Issues Paperback – May 1, by Mario I.
Blejer (Author), Author: Mario I. Blejer.The Optimal Petroleum Fiscal Regime for Ghana: An Analysis of Available Alternatives Colbert’s assertion that the act of taxation consist of plucking the goose to obtain the largest amount of.the difference between these two measures—the fiscal gap at capacity.
We found that states vary widely in their revenue capacity and expenditure need. For example, in fiscal yearrevenue capacity ranged from roughly $4, per state resident in Mississippi to.